What Does Method Of Agreement Mean
A less strict species would be that in F, the size of P depends in some way on the size of one or more factors X, X, X, etc., each of the relevant factors being identical to one of the possible causes A, B, C, D, E. Again, if we find that P varies then that, for example. B A varies, but that B, C, D, E remain constant, this does not show that B, for example, cannot be identical to X, etc.; In other words, it does not show that B variations are not relevant to P. It only shows that the size of P does not depend entirely on a number of factors that do not include A, as each of these sets has remained constant while P has varied. This leaves open that the full cause of P could be in F itself, or some factors might be, such as (A, B, D), which also includes A and some of the others. All we know is that the A-list must be included. This observation and hypothesis therefore show that a complete cause of P in F (A, … ); That is, A is a really relevant factor and there may or may not be others. Repeated applications of this method may fill other factors, but not close the list. (As has been the case so far, this is another task that needs to be done by another type of investigation to determine how the magnitude of P depends on those of the factors that have proved to be truly relevant.) In this case, you are the only one who is not sick. The only difference between you and the others is that you didn`t make a salad.
It`s probably the cause of other people`s illnesses. It is an application of the method of difference. This rule says that if you have a situation that leads to an effect, and another that does not, and the only difference is the presence of only one factor in the first situation, we can infer that factor as the cause of the effect. Assuming the fourth type (whether the required condition is either a possible cause or a disjunction of possible causes), the negative method of agreement (4.13 and 4.14) works as in 1.13 and 1.14, but the positive method of agreement is now seriously affected. Indeed, in observation 1.12 given above, the necessary and sufficient condition, for example. B (B or C), for this disjunction could be available in both I1 and I2, although none of its disjunctions are included in both. The observation of 1.12 would therefore leave the result quite undecided. We need (for 4.12) a much stronger observation, that is, a single positive case where A is present, but where all other possible causes are absent together; but this too now shows only that the cause is (A or…). This hypothesis (that the cause may be a disjunction of potential causes) allows what Mill called a “plurality of causes” because each of the disjunctions is in itself a “cause” in the sense that it is a sufficient condition; And what we have just taken note of is how this possibility undermines the application of the agreement method. A comprehensive study of such functional dependence would involve two tasks: first, identifying all the factors on which the size of P-F depends and, second, discovering how this order of magnitude depends on these factors.